The main purpose of criminal law is deterrence and punishment, that can be a of civil law is individual compensation. Criminal offences contain two distinct elements the physical act (the actus reus, guilty act) and also the requisite state of mind that the act is completed (the mens rea, guilty mind). For instance, in murder the ‘actus reus may be the illegal killing of the person, as the ‘mens rea is malice aforethought (the intention to kill or cause grievous injuries). The criminal law also particulars the protection that accused would bring to reduce or negate their liability (criminal responsibility) and identifies the punishment which might be caused. Criminal law neither needs a victim, nor a victim’s consent, to prosecute an offender. In addition, a justice can happen within the objections from the victim and also the consent from the victim isn’t a defense in many

Criminal law in many areas in the most popular and civil law traditions is split into two fields:mens club 24

* Criminal procedure adjusts the procedure for addressing violations of criminal law

* Substantive criminal law particulars the phrase, and punitive measures for, various crimes.

Criminal law differentiates crimes from civil wrongs for example tort or breach of contract. Criminal law continues to be seen as an system of controlling the behaviour of people and groups with regards to social norms in particular whereas civil law is targeted mainly in the relationship between private people as well as their privileges and obligations underneath the law. Although a lot of ancient legal systems didn’t define a among civil and criminal law, in England there is little difference before the codification of criminal law happened within the late nineteenth century. In many U.S. law schools, the fundamental course in criminal law relies upon the British common criminal law of 1750 (with a few minor American modifications such as the clarification of mens rea within the Model Penal Code).